Effect of the food quality (taxonomy and biochemical composition of the microalgae) on the reproduction and survival of the copepod A. tonsa, from the Kiel Bight
The present study aimed to know the influence of five phytoplankton species on the feeding behavior, reproduction and survival of the copepod A. tonsa. Biochemical parameters (total lipid, carbohydrate and protein) were measured to know the possible nutritional value of the diet. The species were offered to A tonsa as single and mixed diet. The species used were the flagellates C. acantha and R. baltica, the potentially toxic dinoflagellates A. tamarense and P. lima and the diatom S. costatum. Protein (55-69%) was the major biochemical components per cell volume, following for carbohydrate (17-31%) and lipid (13-18%). The concentration of the biochemical components measured per cell volume influenced the hatching success and survival of the adults. The hatching success was correlated with the egg production and ingestion rate of the copepod and survival of the early stages. No correlation was found between egg production and the biochemical concentration per cell volume. The biochemical components per cell volume showed a high interspecific difference between the species and seemed to better explain part of the nutritional value of the phytoplankton, as the concentrations per dry weight and volume medium. The copepod A tonsa had a selective feeding behavior feeding preferable on S. costatum and R. baltica in the mixed food. The ingestion rate of the specie C. acantha was reduced into the mixed food. The size range of the species offered to A. tonsa did not influence its ingestion rate.The flagellates R. baltica and C. acantha and the mixed food provided the best effects on the reproduction and survival of A. tonsa. The best results among the single foods treatments were found with the alga, with the higher lipid content (R. baltica and C. acantha). The dinoflagellates P. lima all showed eggs production and good hatching but, the survival of adults and early stages was affected. S. costatum prevented egg production. The survival and reproduction of A. tonsa fed on A. tamarense was reduced and comparable to the control (without food). In spite of, no influence was seen when S. costatum, P. lima and A. tamarense were offered mixed with the two flagellates. The mixed food was the best food. This result could demonstrate that the negative effect of these species on the reproduction and survival of A. tonsa was due their insufficient biochemical content as the presence of toxin. A good food muss proved not only a good egg production and hatching success, but a high the survival of the first stages, guaranteed the survival of the organism in the environment. The negative effect of the dinoflagellates on the survival of the early stages of the copepod indicated that these species were a bad food for A. tonsa. Therefore, A. tamarense, S. costatum and P. lima were no a good diet as single food to A. tonsa. The best results with the mixed food could be result from an increase on the levels of DHA, provided for R. baltica, and EPA, provided for S. costatum, also as for the increase of protein supplied for C. acantha, major content of protein per cell volume. But for a better understand of the relation of the biochemical contents with survival e reproduction of aquatic animals makes necessary a analysis of vitamins, minerals and of the constitutes of each gross biochemical composition, such as fatty acids, amino acids, sterols, sugars.
Use and reproduction:
No CC License (german copyright law applies)