Essays on the challenges of global land change science
This dissertation considers selected economic aspects of global land change science. The first set of three papers analyses different aspects of the sustainability regulation within the European biofuel policy. The first paper analyses the greenhouse gas balance of biofuels when taking into account direct land use change. The second paper revises the aspect of indirect land use change by evaluating approaches for quantifying indirect land use change and related policy proposals. The third paper analyses policy instruments for reducing emissions from land use change caused by biofuels in a case study for Sumatra and Kalimantan based on a carbon map. The forth paper analyzes the heterogeneity in agricultural productivity of Brazilian agriculture by applying a latent common factor model that accounts for unobserved heterogeneity. The fifth paper analyses the suitability of satellite based night light data as a proxy for regional growth in GDP.