The influence of plankton food-web structure on the efficiency of the biological carbon pump
The biological carbon pump (BCP) is a complex suite of processes responsible for transporting organic matter produced in the surface ocean to depth. As such, it is an important mechanism in controlling the sequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and its storage on time scales of decades to centuries. This receives special attention in light of the rising anthropogenic CO2 emissions, which are unprecedented in the recent geological history of this planet. Despite its importance, we are still lacking a mechanistic understanding of the processes controlling the eﬃciency of the BCP. Over the past decade, the focus has increasingly shifted towards illuminating the eﬀect of diﬀerences in ecosystem structure on organic matter export. This doctoral dissertation thus aimed and succeeded to reveal patterns in the relation between food-web structure changes and the eﬃciency of the BCP and circumstantiated recent concepts in this ﬁeld of research. Furthermore, this work exempliﬁes that the methodological approach of utilizing in situ mesocosms can make a signiﬁcant contribution to BCP research, for it allows answering questions that conventional methods have not been able to address.
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