Stage IV Colorectal Cancer Patients with High Risk Mutation Profiles Survived 16 Months Longer with Individualized Therapies
Personalized treatment vs. standard of care is much debated, especially in clinical practice. Here we investigated whether overall survival differences in metastatic colorectal cancer patients are explained by tumor mutation profiles or by treatment differences in real clinical practice. Our retrospective study of metastatic colorectal cancer patients of confirmed European ancestry comprised 54 Americans and 54 gender-matched Germans. The Americans received standard of care, and on treatment failure, 35 patients received individualized treatments. The German patients received standard of care only. Tumor mutations, tumor mutation burden and microsatellite status were identified by using the FoundationOne assay or the IDT Pan-Cancer assay. High-risk patients were identified according to the mutational classification by Schell and colleagues. Results: Kaplan-Meier estimates show the high-risk patients to survive 16 months longer under individualized treatments than those under only standard of care, in the median (p < 0.001). Tumor mutation profiles stratify patients by risk groups but not by country. Conclusions: High-risk patients appear to survive significantly longer (p < 0.001) if they receive individualized treatments after the exhaustion of standard of care treatments. Secondly, the tumor mutation landscape in Americans and Germans is congruent and thus warrants the transatlantic exchange of successful treatment protocols and the harmonization of guidelines.