Quantification of diterpene acids in Copaiba oleoresin by UHPLC-ELSD and heteronuclear two-dimensional qNMR
In this study, we present the quantitation of eight diterpene acids in the oleoresin of Copaifera reticulata Ducke by UHPLC-ELSD and quantitative HSQC (heteronuclear single quantum correlation spectroscopy). UHPLC was performed using reversed phase material and external calibration and showed RSD values of ≤ 3% (repeatability) and ≤ 4% (precision), and mean recovery rates of 91.2 to 104.8%. LOQs were determined with 10 and 20 µg/mL, and LODs with 4 and 8 µg/mL, respectively. For the qHSQC method, calibration curves of eight different NMR cross-peaks (furylic, endo- and exocyclic methine signals, exocyclic methylene and methyl signals) were established and normalized with dimethyl terephthalate, which served as internal standard. This approach allowed the direct quantification of four major and one minor diterpene, whereas simple calculation procedures led to the contents of the remaining minor compounds. Comparison with the results of the UHPLC assay showed good agreement for seven of the eight diterpene acids. In terms of precision, the qHSQC method was advantageous for the quantification of the three main compounds, whereas UHPLC-ELSD was superior in the determination of the minor components. In contrast to previous reports, kolavenic acid was identified as a major diterpene acid in the oleoresin of Copaifera reticulata, with amounts of 4.0 ± 0.3%.