Welfare Effects of Environmental Policies and Household Energy Choice
This dissertation is a cumulative thesis comprising of three individual research articles which contribute to the environmental, development and energy economics literature. The first two articles underscore how sustainable environmental policies affect individuals and households’ welfare. The third article analyzes the impact of women's intra-household bargaining power on household fuel choice decision-making process and further analyzes the determinants of household energy spending after the decision to use a fuel has been made. The dissertation emphasizes that the welfare and distributional impacts of environmental policies should be fully accounted for during the policy design phase. While poorly designed environmental policies could decrease the welfare of vulnerable groups in the economy and intensify inequality problems, policies that accommodate such potential outcomes are more likely to achieve sustainable growth without harming welfare or worsening inequality.