In-vitro-Untersuchung zur Veränderung proinflammatorischer Genexpression in humanem Vollblut nach Kontakt mit plasmakonditionierten Implantatoberflächen
Background: The aim of this in vitro study was to identify changes in gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines in human whole blood after contact with titanium implant surfaces after plasma treatment. Materials and methods: Grade 4 titanium dental implants were conditioned with low-pressure plasma (LPP) and atmospheric-pressure plasma (APP) and submerged in human whole blood in vitro. Unconditioned implants and blood samples without implants served as control and negative control groups, respectively. Sampling was performed at 1, 8, and 24 h. Changes in mRNA expression levels of interleukin 1-beta (IL1-b) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-a) were assessed using RT-qPCR. Results: In the control group, significant increases in IL1-b and TNF-a expression were observed. Significant decreases in the expression of IL1-b and TNF-a were identified in blood with implants after plasma treatment. Conclusion: Differences in gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines after incubation of plasmaconditioned titanium implants can be assessed using human whole blood. The results of the present study indicate that plasma treatment (APP and LPP) of titanium dental implants leads to downregulation of proinflammatory cytokine gene expression, which might be beneficial in early osseointegration.
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