Signal Modeling for Two-Dimensional Image Structures and Scale-Space Based Image Analysis

Model based image representation plays an important role in many computer vision tasks. Consequently, it is of high significance to model image structures with more powerful representation capabilities. In the literature, there exist bulk of researches for intensity based modeling. However, most of them suffer from the illumination variation. On the other hand, phase information, which carries most essential structural information of the original signal, has the advantage of being invariant to the brightness change. Therefore, phase based image analysis is advantageous when compared to purely intensity based approaches. This thesis aims to propose novel image representations for 2D image structures, from which useful local features can be extracted, which are useful for phase based image analysis. The first approach presents a 2D rotationally invariant quadrature filter. This model is able to handle superimposed intrinsically two-dimensional (i2D) patterns with flexible angles of intersection. Hence, it can be regarded as an extension of the structure multivector. The second approach is the monogenic curvature tensor. Coupling methods of differential geometry, tensor algebra, monogenic signal and quadrature filter, we can design a general model for 2D structures as the monogenic extension of a curvature tensor. Based on it, local representations for the intrinsically one-dimensional (i1D) and i2D structures are derived as the monogenic signal and the generalized monogenic curvature signal, respectively. From them, independent features of local amplitude, phase and orientation are simultaneously extracted. Besides, a generalized monogenic curvature scale-space can be built by applying a Poisson kernel to the monogenic curvature tensor. Compared with other related work, the remarkable advantage of our approach lies in the rotationally invariant phase evaluation of 2D structures in a multi-scale framework, which delivers access to phase-based processing in many computer vision tasks. To demonstrate the efficiency and power of the theoretic framework, some computer vision applications are presented, which include the phase based image reconstruction, detecting i2D image structures using local phase and monogenic curvature tensor for optical flow estimation.

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