Run-time Architecture Models for Dynamic Adaptation and Evolution of Cloud Applications

Cloud applications are subject to continuous change due to modifications of the software application itself and, in particular, its environment. To manage changes, cloud-based systems provide diverse self-adaptation mechanisms based on run-time models. Observed run-time models are means for leveraging self- adaption, however, are hard to apply during software evolution as they are usually too detailed for comprehension by humans.In this paper, we propose iObserve, an approach to cloud-based system adaptation and evolution through run-time observation and continuous quality analysis. With iObserve, run-time adaptation and evolution are two mutual, interwoven activities that influence each other. Central to iObserve is (a) the specification of the correspondence between observation results and design models, and (b) their use in both adaptation and evolution. Run-time observation data is promoted to meaningful values mapped to design models, thereby continuously updating and calibrating those design models during run-time while keeping the models comprehendible by humans. This engineering approach allows for automated adaptation at run-time and simultaneously supports software evolution. Model-driven software engineering is employed for various purposes such as monitoring instrumentation and model transformation. We report on the experimental evaluation of this approach in lab experiments using the CoCoME benchmark deployed on an OpenStack cloud.


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