Nonequilibrium Green function approach to the pair distribution function of quantum many-body systems out of equilibrium
The pair distribution function (PDF) is a key quantity for the analysis of correlation effects of a quantum system both in equilibrium and far from equilibrium. We derive an expression for the PDF in terms of the single-particle Green functions—the solutions of the Keldysh/Kadanoff-Baym equations in the two-time plane—for a one- or two-component system. The result includes initial correlations and generalizes previous density matrix expressions from single-time quantum kinetic theory. Explicit expressions for the PDF are obtained in second Born approximation.