A Novel Surface Modification Strategy via Photopolymerized Poly-Sulfobetaine Methacrylate Coating to Prevent Bacterial Adhesion on Titanium Surfaces
Recent investigations on the anti-adhesive properties of polysulfobetaine methacrylate (pSBMA) coatings had shown promising potential as antifouling surfaces and have given the impetus for the present paper, where a pSBMA coating is applied via photopolymerization on a macro-roughened, sandblasted, and acid-etched titanium implant surface in order to assess its antifouling properties. Current emphasis is placed on how the coating is efficient against the adhesion of Enterococcus faecalis by quantitative assessment of colony forming units and qualitative investigation of fluorescence imaging and scanning electron microscopy. pSBMA coatings via photopolymerization of titanium surfaces seems to be a promising antiadhesion strategy, which should bring substantial benefits once certain aspects such as biodegradation and osseointegration were addressed. Additionally, commercial SAL-titanium substrates may be coated with the super-hydrophilic coating, appearing resistant to physiological salt concentrations and most importantly lowering E. faecalis colonization significantly, compared to titanium substrates in the as-received state. It is very likely that pSBMA coatings may also prevent the adhesion of other germs.