Massive uterine fibroid : a diagnostic dilemma: a case report and review of the literature
Fibroids of the uterus are the most common benign pelvic tumors in women worldwide. Their diagnosis is usually not missed because of the widespread and well-established use of ultrasound in gynecological clinics. Hence, the development of an unusually large myoma is a rare event, particularly in first-world countries such as Germany. It is even more uncommon that a myoma is misdiagnosed as a dietary failure.
Herein, we report the case of a Caucasian woman with a giant fibroid that reached a size of over 50 cm, growing slowly over the past 15 years, and was misdiagnosed as abdominal fat due to weight gain. We aim to discuss the factors that lead to the growth of such a huge tumoral mass, including misdiagnosis and treatment, and the psychological impact. Through this case, we intend to increase the awareness among general physicians and gynecologists. Although menstrual disorders incorporate several pathologies, adequate assessment remains the primary responsibility of health care providers. A literature review revealed approximately 60 cases of giant uterine fibroids.
The use of clinical and diagnostic devices, especially ultrasound, in this case, is indispensable. In conclusion, the growth of a giant fibroid can have disastrous effects on a woman's health, including surgical trauma and psychological issues.