The Stability and Chloride Entrapping Capacity of ZnAl-NO2 LDH in High-Alkaline/Cementitious Environment
In this work, the ZnAl-NO2 LDH (layered double hydroxide) is investigated as a possible additive for mitigating the chloride-induced corrosion of steel in reinforced concrete. The investigation focused on the stability and chloride binding capacity of this LDH in the pH range typical of cementitious materials. Until pH = 12.5 the material was stable and effective in capturing chloride ions from the surrounding aqueous environment. For higher pH, precisely that of hydrated cement, the LDH was partially dissolved and OH− preferentially entrapped instead of Cl−. These results suggested that ZnAl-NO2 has excellent chloride entrapping capability at neutral pH, but this is reduced with increasing pH. However, when the LDH was incorporated into mortars, the chloride ingress was delayed, signifying that the dissolution of LDH leads to a secondary mechanism responsible for chloride capture.