Enhancement of In-Plane Seismic Full Waveform Inversion with CPU and GPU Parallelization
Full waveform inversion is a widely used technique to estimate the subsurface parameters with the help of seismic measurements on the surface. Due to the amount of data, model size and non-linear iterative procedures, the numerical computation of Full Waveform Inversion are computationally intensive and time-consuming. This paper addresses the parallel computation of seismic full waveform inversion with Graphical Processing Units. Seismic full-waveform inversion of in-plane wave propagation in the finite difference method is presented here. The stress velocity formulation of the wave equation in the time domain is used. A four nodded staggered grid finite-difference method is applied to solve the equation, and the perfectly matched layers are considered to satisfy Sommerfeld’s radiation condition at infinity. The gradient descent method with conjugate gradient method is used for adjoined modelling in full-waveform inversion. The host code is written in C++, and parallel computation codes are written in CUDA C. The computational time and performance gained from CUDA C and OpenMP parallel computation in different hardware are compared to the serial code. The performance improvement is enhanced with increased model dimensions and remains almost constant after a certain threshold. A GPU performance gain of up to 90 times is obtained compared to the serial code.