Networking Aspects based on the Talkative Power Concept for DC Microgrid Systems
The talkative power concept is a simultaneous power-line communication and energy transfer technique which integrates data modulation into a power converter. The information sequence is deterministically represented by the ripple, which superimposes the output voltage. With a few exceptions, so far emphasis has been on scenarios where only a single node is actively transmitting data in a certain time slot in simplex mode. In microgrid applications, however, multiple active power sources are of interest as well. Examples include battery management systems, smart metering, electricity trading systems, and smart grids with several power sources, energy storage devices, loads, and data receivers. In this contribution, bus networking aspects based on the talkative power concept are presented for scenarios with several active nodes and for full-duplex communication. The paper addresses potential multiple access techniques as well as duplexing schemes for connected power converters supporting bidirectional power and information flow. In numerical results, a spread spectrum scheme based on orthogonal variable spreading factor codes in conjunction with frequency shift keying (FSK) is presented for four simultaneously active buck converters with a sum data rate of 500 kbps at a switching frequency of 1 MHz. In general, with 2-ary FSK, the maximum achievable sum data rate is half of the switching frequency in a synchronous setup.
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