RNAseq-Based Working Model for Transcriptional Regulation of Crosstalk between Simultaneous Abiotic UV-B and Biotic Stresses in Plants
Plants adjust their secondary metabolism by altering the expression of corresponding genes to cope with both abiotic and biotic stresses. In the case of UV-B radiation, plants produce protective flavonoids; however, this reaction is impeded during pattern-triggered immunity (PTI) induced by pathogens. Pathogen attack can be mimicked by the application of microbial associated molecular patterns (e.g., flg22) to study crosstalk between PTI and UV-B-induced signaling pathways. Switching from Arabidopsis cell cultures to in planta studies, we analyzed whole transcriptome changes to gain a deeper insight into crosstalk regulation. We performed a comparative transcriptomic analysis by RNAseq with four distinct mRNA libraries and identified 10778, 13620, and 11294 genes, which were differentially expressed after flg22, UV-B, and stress co-treatment, respectively. Focusing on genes being either co-regulated with the UV-B inducible marker gene chalcone synthase CHS or the flg22 inducible marker gene FRK1 identified a large set of transcription factors from diverse families, such as MYB, WRKY, or NAC. These data provide a global view of transcriptomic reprogramming during this crosstalk and constitute a valuable dataset for further deciphering the underlying regulatory mechanism(s), which appear to be much more complex than previously anticipated. The possible involvement of MBW complexes in this context is discussed.