Essays in Empirical Environmental Economics

This thesis seeks to contribute to our understanding of the behavior of firms in the German manufacturing sector, specifically concerning energy use and related CO2 emissions. Plant-level data from the German census of the manufacturing industry provides the basis for the analysis in each chapter. The first two chapters are ex-post evaluations of major policy interventions that impact energy consumption in the manufacturing industry. The first policy allows for plant-specific electricity tax exemptions. The second policy is the European Carbon Trading Scheme (EU-ETS), the EU's flagship policy to fight climate change. Chapter three analyzes how local weather conditions affect manufacturing plants' energy consumption and economic performance. The last chapter studies how import competition affects the CO2 emission intensity of manufacturing firms in Germany.


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