Phagentaxonomie in der Next Generation Sequencing-Ära
Phages are the biggest known biological entity on earth (about 1031 particles). Due to next generation sequencing methods applied on environmental samples an unpreceeded amount of phage genome data is available. Due to their extreme diversity and the lack of monophyly a sequence based taxonomy is challenging. However, within the phages there are monophyletic subgroups that can be classified based on their genome sequence. A method that combines the shared gene content with taxon specific similarities enables a reliable identification of the phage family based exclusively on the corresponding genome sequence.