Lattice Element Method and its application to Multiphysics
In this thesis, a Lattice element modelling method is developed and is applied to model the loose and cemented, natural and artificial, granular matters subject to thermo-hydro-mechanical coupled loading conditions. In lattice element method, the lattice nodes which can be considered as the centres of the unit cells, are connected by cohesive links, such as spring beams that can carry normal and shear forces, bending and torsion moment. For the heat transfer due to conduction, the cohesive links are also used to carry heat as 1D pipes, and the physical properties of these rods are computed based on the Hertz contact model. The hydro part is included with the pore network modelling scheme. The voids are inscribed with the pore nodes and connected with throats, and then the meso level flow equation is solved. The Euler-Bernoulli and Timoshenko beams are chosen as the cohesive links or the lattice elements, while the latter should be used when beam elements are short and deep. This property becomes interesting in modelling auxetic materials. The model is applied to study benchmarks in geotechnical engineering. For heat transfer in the dry and full range of saturation, and fractures in the cemented granular media.How through porous media failure behaviours of rocks at high temperature and pressure and granular composites subjected to coupled Thermo hydro Mechanical loads. The model is further extended to capture the wave motion in the heterogeneous granular matter, and a few case studies for the wavefield modification with existing cracks are presented. The developed method is capable of capturing the complex interaction of crack wave interaction with relative ease and at a substantially less computational cost.
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