Fighting Corruption Through Unbundling Individuals' Corruption Perception

Saliently, this dissertation attempts to elucidate the factors affecting and influencing corruption perceptions among individuals. Responding to this substantial research question allows for improving the accuracy of corruption measurements in perception indexes. Thus, the research findings contribute to prior debates on the validity of corruption perception indexes (Charron, 2014). This contribution to the literature on corruption is vital since gathering accurate and reliable data on corruption remains a Sisyphean task due to its clandestine nature.

Also, by focusing on the issue of corruption in Armenia shortly before and after the “Velvet Revolution”, this dissertation illuminates a possible approach to navigating the paths and linkage to democratisation and public trust building in post-communist countries that went through recent colour revolutions. Needless to say, corruption research focusing on this region needs an overhaul. 

Another essential thesis this dissertation advances is that the character and environment of an individual can play a crucial role in their decision to commit or abstain from corruption. Prior research on individual-level corruption has overlooked the vital influence of personal characteristics. Furthermore, based on trait theory, this dissertation posits that people with personality traits from the dark triad, namely Machiavellianism, are more inclined toward condoning corruption. This is a crucial argument for comprehending why some people in the same position behave clean and ethical while others can abuse their entrusted power for unethical and personal use.    


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