Spectral multipliers on two-step structures

In harmonic analysis and partial differential equations, the topics of Fourier restriction estimates, wave estimates for linear wave equations, and spectral multiplier problems associated with elliptic and sub-elliptic linear differential operators are closely related. The aim of this thesis is to further explore these connections and to contribute to a deeper understanding of these phenomena. We focus on certain classes of differential operators which are sub-Laplacians defined as divergence form operators associated with a two-step sub-Riemannian structure on a smooth manifold. The analysis of these operators is closely related to their underlying sub-Riemannian geometry, which is a major challenge in understanding analytic properties of these differential operators.

The specific question addressed in this thesis is as follows. The functional calculus for the sub-Laplacian L provided by the spectral theorem allows to define the operator F(L) for every spectral multiplier F : R → C. The L^p-spectral multiplier problem asks to identify spectral multipliers F for which F(L) extends to a bounded operator on the Lebesgue space L^p. Usually this question is answered by so-called Mikhlin–Hörmander type theorems, which require a smoothness condition on the multiplier F. In this thesis we prove spectral multiplier theorems where this smoothness condition is even p-specific. This is done for two specific classes of sub-Laplacians, namely Grushin operators and left-invariant sub-Laplacians on certain subclasses of two-step stratified Lie groups. The proof of these spectral multiplier theorems relies on a careful analysis of the underlying sub-Riemannian geometry and exploiting appropriate restriction type estimates, an idea that goes back to C. Fefferman. A novelty in the restriction type estimates proved in this thesis is an additional truncation along the spectrum of a Laplacian on the second layer of the associated two-step structure.


Use and reproduction:

CC BY 4.0

Please note that individual components of the publication may be subject to other licensing or copyright conditions.


Citation style:
Could not load citation form.