Quad-Active-Bridge DC–DC Converter as Cross-Link for Medium-Voltage Modular Inverters

One of the main challenges of the solid-state transformer (SST) lies in the implementation of the dc-dc stage. In this paper, a quadruple-active-bridge (QAB) dc-dc converter is investigated to be used as a basic module of a modular three-stage SST. Besides the feature of high power density and soft-switching operation (also found in others converters), the QAB converter provides a solution with reduced number of high-frequency transformers, since more bridges are connected to the same multiwinding transformer. To ensure soft switching for the entire operation range of the QAB converter, the triangular current-mode modulation strategy, previously adopted for the dual-active-bridge converter, is extended to the QAB converter. The theoretical analysis is developed considering balanced (equal power processed by the medium-voltage (MV) cells) and unbalanced (unequal power processed by the MV cells) conditions. In order to validate the theoretical analysis developed in the paper, a 2-kW prototype is built and experimented.


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