Analysis and Stabilization of a Smart Transformer-Fed Grid

The stability of the grid-connected inverters adopted in distributed energy resources (DERs) highly depends on the characteristics of the grid impedance. Hence, various active damping methods and adaptive control algorithms have been proposed for the control of the grid inverters. Differently from those existing solutions, this paper proposes to use a smart transformer (ST) to shape the grid impedance to interact with the controllers of local inverters, aiming at improving the stability of the local controllers as well as the overall grid. A main advantage of this solution is that it offers a pervasive service to all the available DERs, reducing the cost and design effort of the local controllers. Three active damping methods are presented in this paper and the implementation issues in the ST LV-side voltage controller are given. Moreover, the design criteria of the active damping methods considering the control performance of ST and the stability requirements of local DERs are presented. Analysis and experiments are carried out to verify the effectiveness of the proposed solution.


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