Passivity-based Control of Switched Reluctance-based Wind System Supplying Constant Power Load
This paper presents a passivity-based control (PBC) scheme for the switched reluctance generator (SRG) in small-scale wind energy conversion systems for dc microgrid applications. The main objective is to stabilize the output voltage in case the system supplies constant power loads (CPLs) and operates with maximum power point tracking (MPPT). Stability improvement and dc-link ripple reduction in the presence of CPLs is achieved using system-level modeling of SRG-based dc microgrid through the Euler-Lagrange system (ELS) from the viewpoint of the machine physical structure. Compared with other control methods, the proposed MPPT method based on passivity-based speed controller employs the back electromotive force (EMF) in the generation process as a position-dependent voltage source to overcome the major challenge of SRG complicated uncertain dynamic model. To deal with the time-varying inductance and back EMF of SRG, an adaptation mechanism is incorporated in the proposed adaptive PBC and the control design is constructed by using the Lyapunov theorem where the closed-loop stability is ensured. The effectiveness of the proposed method in avoiding instability effects of SRG and CPL with voltage ripple reduction and precise wind turbine speed tracking is investigated with simulation results and validated with experimental by using a four-phase, 8/6 SRG drive system.
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