Dynamics of energetic spectrum of solar-diurnal variations of cosmic rays in 19-24 solar activity cycles

The anisotropic angular distribution of cosmic rays (CR) in the interplanetary medium manifests itself on Earth as periodic diurnal intensity variations. Ground-based detectors of CRs have different energy sensitivity to the primary CR radiation and, therefore, the amplitude and phase recorded by them are also different. This fact makes it possible to study the energy spectrum of the variations when using a sufficient number of detectors. In this work, the results of the investigation of the energy spectrum of solar-diurnal variations of CRs obtained by a network of neutron monitors and muon telescopes are presented. The network allows measuring CRs with median energies from units to hundreds of GeV. The expected values of the amplitude and phase of the daily CR variations at the selected ground-based stations for different types of the energy spectrum are shown. The calculated data are compared with experimental data for 19-24 solar activity cycles.

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