Unterrichtsentwicklung durch Wettbewerbe : Analyse zweier Informatikwettbewerbe für den Schulunterricht
When the first PISA-results were published in Germany in the end of 2001 (“PISA-Shock”), many discussions started about reforming teaching with the help of new ideas and innovative approaches. Around the same time, the number of competitions in German schools started to grow immensely. Although many schools have taken part in such competitions, we are lacking studies investigating their potential. Only as recent as 2006, a scientific meeting was held at the Körber-Forum in Hamburg called “Why competitions for pupils? Impulses for education and learning”, which initiated a wider and more systematic discussion about the meaning of competitions at school and in teaching. Two competitions in computer science – the Movingart-Competition for the lower secondary school ages and the Software Challenge for the senior years, both organized by the computer science department of Kiel University – are investigated in this dissertation as to whether and how far they represent useful tools in the development of teaching. The findings show that both competitions offer new and important impulses for teaching in its structure and its organization: pupils develop more competences, their motivation rises, and they get deeper insights into the subject; teachers start cooperations across different subjects and receive more options for adapting their teaching to invidual pupils. Thus, both competitions offer a great contribution to improve the quality of teaching and strongly offer the schools taking part an increased educational benefit. It is to be presumed that new future competitions for schools which are constructed in the same or a comparable way as Movingart and Software-Challenge will contribute in a similar improving way to the quality of teaching.
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