Residual modulation of galactic cosmic rays in the heliosphere
Residual modulation of galactic cosmic rays in the heliosphere and its energy dependence are studied with data from three types of ground-based detectors, using data from PAMELA, AMS-02, and Voyager 1/2. It is shown that the residual modulation is approximately the same in magnitude as the observed variations due to the solar activity cycle, which allows us to make some conclusions about the modulation processes in the heliosphere.
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